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    04年高考英语单项填空分类解析:定语从句 动词-ing 动词辨析

    作者:黄卓明    文章来源:广州新东方学校    点击数:    更新时间:2009/10/6

    定语从句

    1. The English play _______ my students acted at the New Year’s party was a great success. (全国卷I2004)

    A. for which       B. at which       C. in which       D. on which

    [解析]答案是C。介词in来自act in the English play。

    2. The journey around the world took the old sailor nine months, _____ the sailing time was 226 days. (全国卷IV2004)

    A. of which       B. during which    C. from which     D. for which

    [解析]答案是A。of表示从属关系,指上文nine months之中的海上行程是226天。                    

    3. There were dirty marks on her trousers ______ she had wiped her hands. (全国卷II2004)

    A. where         B. which          C. when          D. that

    [解析]答案是A。where作地点状语,引导定语从句。

    4. There are altogether eleven books on the shelf, _____ five are mine. (全国III2004)

    A. on which       B. in which       C. of which       D. from which

    [解析]答案是C。C项表示five of the eleven books on the shelf。

    5. ______ is reported in the newspapers, talks between the two countries are making progress. (北京2004)

    A. It                    B. As                         C. That                 D. What

    [解析]答案是B。as引导非限定性定语从句,并充当其主语,意为“正如”。

    6. American women usually identify their best friend as someone _____ they can talk frequently. (上海2004)

    A. who          B. as                    C. about which    D. with whom

    [解析]答案是D。with来自talk with sb 短语.

    7. George Orwell, _______ was Eric Arthur, wrote many political novels and essays. (北京2004)

    A. the real name   B. what his real name C. his real name              D. whose real name

    [解析]答案是D。whose引导定语从句,在从句中充当定语。

    8. Anyway, that evening, ______I’ll tell you more about later, I ended up staying at Rachel’s place. (浙江2004)

    A. when           B. where         C. what         D. which

    [解析]答案是D。which指代that evening ,在从句中作about 的宾语。

    9. There was        time       I hated to go to school. (湖北2004)

    A. a; that                   B. a; when            C. the; that            D. the; when

    [解析]答案是B。when引导定语从句,在从句中作状语。

    10. There are two buildings,       stands nearly a hundred feet high. (湖北2004)

    A. the larger                                           B. the larger of them

    C. the larger one that                               D. the larger of which

    [解析]答案是D。定语从句采用倒装语序;the larger of the two buildings两栋建筑中较大的一个。

    11. What surprised me was not what he said but       he said it. (湖北2004)

    A. the way                 B. in the way that  C. in the way   D. the way which

    [解析]答案是A。the way 作先行词,其后的定语从句的引导词可以是in which 可以是that,也可以省略引导词。

    12. I work in a business ______ almost everyone is waiting for a great chance. (湖南2004)

    A. how        B. which        C. where                   D. that

    [解析]答案是C。where作地点状语,引导定语从句。

    13. _______ is often the case, we have worked out the production plan. (江苏2004)

    A. Which         B. When          C. What           D. As

    [解析]答案是D。as is often the case表示“正如一般情况”,as引导非限定性定语从句。

    14. The factory produces half a million pairs of shoes every year, 80%      are sold abroad. (辽宁2004)

    A. of which                 B. which of          C. of them            D. of that

    [解析]答案是A。of表示从属关系。

    15. A fast food restaurant is the place _____, just as the name suggests, eating is performed quickly. (上海2004春)

           A. which             B. where                    C. there                 D. what

    [解析]答案是B。where作地点状语,引导定语从句。

    16. Luckily, we’d brought a road map without ______ we would have lost our way. (北京2004春)

         A. it                                  B. that                      C. this                   D. which

    [解析] 答案是D。四个选项只有which用于“介词+关系代词”结构。

    动词-ing

    1. "We can’t go out in this weather," said Bob, ______ out of the window. (全国II2004)

    A. looking        B. to look       C. looked            D. having looked

    [解析]答案是A。现在分词作伴随状语。

    2. Alice returned from the manger’s office, ______ me that the boss wanted to see me at once. (全国III2004)

    A. having told      B. tells               C. to tell          D. telling

    [解析]答案是D。现在分词作伴随状语,相当于and told me。

    3. Reading is an experience quite different from watching TV; there are pictures _____ in your mind instead of before your eyes. (全国卷IV2004)

    A. to form                  B. form              C. forming                   D. having formed

    [解析]答案是C。现在分词短语作后置定语, 相当于which form。

    4. _____ in the queue for half an hour, Tom suddenly realized that he had left his wallet at home. (北京2004)

    A. To wait                     B. Have waited   C. Having waited        D. To have waited

    [解析]答案是C。用现在分词的完成式作状语,表示状语的动作先于主句的动作。

    6. According to a recent U.S. survey, children spent up to 25 hours a week _______ TV. (上海2004)

    A. to watch        B. to watching    C. watching         D. watch

    [解析]答案是C。短语spend….in doing sth中in可以省略,watching作介词宾语。

    7. The flowers ____ sweet in the botanic garden attract the visitors to the beauty of nature. (上海2004)

    A. to smell           B. smelling       C. smelt                 D. to be smelt

    [解析]答案是B。分词短语作后置定语;smell表示“闻起来”是连系动词,只能用主动形式。

    8. Having been attacked by terrorists, ________.(上海2004)

    A. doctors came to their rescue            B. the tall building collapsed

    C. an emergency measure was taken        D. warnings were given to tourists

    [解析]答案是B。a tall building和分词短语Having been attacked在逻辑上是主谓关系。

    8. Don’t leave the water       while you brush your teeth. (天津2004)

    A. run            B. running            C. being run      D. to run

    [解析]答案是B。leave sb/sth doing中现在分词作宾语补足语,逻辑上和宾语是主谓关系。

    9. The old man, ______abroad for twenty years, is on the way back to his motherland. (江苏2004)

    A. to work           B. working                 C. to have worked  D. having worked

    [解析]答案是D。分词短语作定语,相当于非限定性定语从句who has worked,用完成式表示在谓语动作之前完成。

    10. Having been ill in bed for nearly a month, he had a hard time______ the exam. (福建2004)

    A. pass                  B. to pass                            C. passed                       D. passing

    [解析]答案是D。have a good/bad time in doing sth中passing the exam作宾语,省略了介词in。

    动词辨析

    1. ---How about eight o’clock outside the cinema?

    ---That _______ me fine. (全国I 2004)

    A. fits           B. meets        C. satisfies               D. suits

    [解析]答案是D。suit有“适合某人”之意,合乎语境要求;fit指“大小长短适合”;meet表示“迎接;满足”。

    2. The evening news comes on at Seven o’clock and ______ only thirty minutes. (全国II 2004)

    A. keeps         B. continues      C. finishes                      D. lasts

    [解析]答案是D。last指时间上的“延续;持续”。

    3. If you are feeling so tired, perhaps a little sleep would______. (浙江2004)

    A. act             B. help         C. serve                D. last

    [解析]答案是B。help这里用作不及物动词,表示“奏效;起作用”。

    4. They've _____ us $150,000 for the house. Shall we take it? (湖南2004)

    A. provided      B. supplied       C. shown             D. offered

    [解析]答案是D。offer sb. sth.“为某人提供”;provide,supply常与介词with连用。

    5. —How do you       we go to Beijing for our holidays?

    —I think we’d better fly there. It’s much more comfortable. (福建2004)

    A. insist                 B. want                 C. suppose                   D. suggest

    [解析]答案是D。根据下文we’d better得知,这里强调“建议;提议”。

    6. The three sisters decided to hold a family party to ________ their parents' silver wedding. (上海2004春)

     A. celebrate          B. memorize      C. congratulate               D. welcome

    [解析]答案是A。celebrate vt. 庆祝;庆贺。“姐妹三人决定举行一个家庭晚会庆祝父母的银婚纪念。”

    7. Joe Jones, the eighth of the eight children, had to ________ out of high school at the age of 16 to help his father on the farm. (上海2004春)

      A. leave               B. drop                 C. fall                          D. go

    [解析]答案是B。drop out of school 辍学。

    8. Words ________ me when I wanted to express my thanks to him for having saved my son from the burning house. (上海2004春)

     A. failed                B. left                   C. discouraged             D. disappointed

    [解析]答案是A。fail vt. 使失望;辜负。“我想感谢他从火中就出我的儿子,可以不知道说什么。”

    9.  It was foolish of him to ________ his notes during that important test, and as a result, he got punished. (上海2004春)

     A. stick to             B. refer to             C. keep to                    D. point to

    [解析]答案是B。refer to参考,察看?际缘氖焙蚍幢始,他太傻了。结果,挨罚了。 (编辑:赵露)


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