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    04高考英语单项填空试题分类解析:情态动词 形容词

    作者:黄卓明    文章来源:广州新东方学校    点击数:    更新时间:2009/10/6

    情态动词

    1. --–Isn’t that Ann’s husband over there?

    ---No, it _______ be him. I’m sure he doesn’t wear glasses. (全国I2004)

    A. can’t      B. must not      C. won’t          D. may not

    [解析]答案是A。can’t表示否定的推测、判断,意为“不可能”。

    2. You ______ be tired---you’ve only been working for an hour. (全国II2004)

    A. must not     B. won’t     C. can’t          D. may not

    [解析]答案是C。同第1题。

    3. ---Tom graduated from college at a very young age.

    ---Oh, he ____ have been a very smart boy then. (全国III2004)

    A. could            B. should        C. might      D. must

    [解析]答案是D。must have done表示对过去发生的动作的肯定判断,意为“肯定已经”。

    4. I often see lights in that empty house. Do you think I _____ report it to the police? (全国IV2004)

    A. should    B. may         C. will            D. can

    [解析]答案是A。should表示责任或义务。

    5. Mr. White _____ at 8:30 for the meeting, but he didn’t’ show up. (全国IV2004)

    A. should have arrived          B. should arrive

    C. should have had arrived       D. should be arriving

    [解析]答案是A。should have done表示责备,意为“过去本应该做”。

    6. Children under 12 years of age in that country ______ be under adult supervision when is a public library. (上海2004)

    A. must     B. may            C. can          D. need

    [解析]答案是A。must表示责任,含有强制性。

    7. ---Who is the girl standing over there?

    ---Well, if you       know, her name is Mabel. (天津2004)

    A. may        B. can         C. must             D. shall

    [解析]答案是C。must这里表示“偏偏;偏要”。

    8. “The interest ______be divided into five parts, according to the agreement made by both sides,” declared the judge. (重庆2004)

    A. may            B. Should            C. must                D. shall

    [解析]答案是D。shall用于陈述句二、三人称,表示说话人的决心、意志。

    9. ---Excuse me. Is this the right way to the Summer Palace?

    ---Sorry, I am not sure. But it          be. (湖北2004)

    A. might              B. will        C. must         D. can

    [解析]答案是A。might表示可能性更小。

    10. ---- Excuse me, but I want to use your computer to type a report.

    ---- You ______ have my computer if you don't take care of it. (湖南2004)

    A. shan't        B. might not      C. needn't      D. shouldn't

    [解析]答案是A。shall用于二、三人称表示说话人的命令、承诺、恐吓等。这种用法常用于对晚辈或小孩。

    11. --- I don't mind telling you what I know.

    --- You      . I'm not asking you for it. (江苏2004)

    A. mustn't           B. may not     C. can't        D. needn’t

    [解析]答案是D。根据语境,说话人认为这样“没有必要”。

    12. —Mum, I’ve been studying English since 8 o’clock..       I go out and play with Tom for a while?

    —No, I’m afraid not. Besides, it’s raining outside now. (辽宁2004)

    A. Can’t                   B. Wouldn’t          C. May not   D. Won’t

    [解析]答案是A。can用于疑问句中表示请求。

    14. —I’ll tell Mary about her new job tomorrow.

    —You________ her last week. (福建2004)

    A. ought to tell           B. would have told  C. must tell   D. should have told

    [解析]答案是D。should have done意为“过去本应该做”,含有责备的语气。

    15. I ______pay Tracy a visit, but I’m not sure whether I will have time this Sunday. (浙江2004)

    A. should           B. might                 C. would    D. could

    [解析]答案是A。should表示“应该”。

    形容词

    1. Mary kept weighing herself to see how much ___ she was getting. (全国I2004)

    A. heavier      B. heavy          C. the heavier         D. the heaviest

    [解析]答案是A。语境暗示这里表示比较意义。

    2. Lizzie was _____ to see her friend off at the airport. (全国卷III2004)

    A. a little more than sad            B. more than a little sad 

    C. sad more than a little            D. a little more sad than

    [解析]答案是B。more than a little是强调用法,意为“不止一点;非常“。

    3. When we plan our vacation, mother often offers _____ suggestions. (全国IV2004)

    A. careful       B. practical        C. effective          D. acceptable

    [解析]答案是B。practical意为“切合实际的”?山邮艿慕ㄒ椴灰欢ㄊ涤。

    4. It is re ported that the United States uses _____ energy as the whole of Europe. (全国IV2004)

    A. as twice    B. twice much      C. twice much as      D. twice as much

    [解析]答案是D。倍数词要放在比较结构的前边,同时要保证比较结构的完整性。

    5. The husband gave his wife  ______every month in order to please her. (重庆2004)

    A. all half his income                       B. his half all income

    C. half his all income                       D. all his half income

    [解析]答案是A。all half相当于倍数词。  

    6. ______students are required to take part in the boat race. (浙江2004)

    A. Ten strong young Chinese         B. Ten Chinese strong young

    C. Chinese ten young strong         D. Young strong ten Chinese

    [解析]答案是A。多个形容词修饰同一个名词,应遵循“限定词+描绘性+形状+年龄+颜色+国籍+材料”这一顺序。

    7. The ______house smells as if it hasn't been lived in for years. (江苏2004)

    A. little white wooden                  B. little wooden white

    C. white wooden little              D. wooden white little

    [解析]答案是A。这里是“形状+颜色+材料”的顺序。

    8. John Smith, a successful businessman, has a         car. (辽宁2004)

    A. large German white                       B. large white German

    C. white large German                       D. German large white

    [解析]答案是B。这里是“形状+颜色+国籍”的顺序。

    9. The number of people present at the concert was  _______than expected. There were many tickets left. (福建2004)

    A. much smaller        B. much more    C. much larger            D. many more

    [解析]答案是A。结合语境和行文逻辑,这里应该含有比较之意。

    10. Although I can walk about, there is still a ________ pain in my leg. (上海2004春)

         A. weak                   B. slight         C. tender                 D. soft

    [解析]答案是B。slight 轻微的weak微弱的tender嫩的soft柔软的。

    11. The elderly need special care in winter, as they are ________ to the sudden change of weather. (上海2004春)

     A. sensitive                  B. sensible            C. flexible                     D. positive

    [解析]答案是A。be sensitive to对……比较敏感。 (编辑:赵露)


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