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    沈阳新东方名师解析2006年12月新四级

    作者:国内考试部    文章来源:沈阳新东方学校    点击数:    更新时间:2009/10/6

            神秘的新四级终于揭开面纱,而围绕这第一次新四级考试所衍生的所有惶惶不安、疑虑都在考试开始的那一刻随风消散。那么“新四级”究竟新在哪里?与旧四级考试相比,我们该如何备考方能无往而不利?

            带着这样的疑问,在2006年12月24日,暨新四级考试结束当天,我们走进沈阳新东方学校,走近考试部的几位四级名师,期望通过他们丰富的四级培训经验,深厚的英语教学底蕴为眼前一片迷茫的学子拨开迷雾,突破新四级。

            新四级之阅读理解


    徐磊,授课逻辑思维缜密,善于从学生的角度,非英语的角度来分析英语考试的各种问题,是新东方学习方法论的代表教师之一,具有系统的英语四级阅读应试方法,非常注重学生考试思维的培养!教学目的:用幽默激发你的兴趣,用刻苦增强你的实力,用思维改变你的能力,用传统阅读方法提高你的成绩!

    说明:

    1.题干中红字是定位标志,选项中的红字是正确答案,文章中用红字和黄色背景标示了定位点和答案出处,所以黄色背景的地方是考试中考生为了做对题目必须读懂的地方,其它地方如果不能读懂并不影响你选择出正确答案! 

     。玻凑招露降湫偷南忍夂笪,题文结合交差阅读法重新排列文章,为保证同学们的阅读效果,所有题目的讲解放在文章的后面!

     

    57.  What do we know about Iceburg Water form passage?

    A)  It is a kind of iced water.          C)    It is a kind of bottled water.    

    B)  It is just plain tap water.          D)    It is a kind of mineral water.

    58 .  By saying ”My dog could tell the difference between bottled and tap water” (Line4,para.2), von Wiesenberger wants to convey the message that_______.

    A)  plain tap water is certainly unfit for drinking.

    B)  bottled water is clearly superior to tap water.

    C)  bottled water often appeals more to dog’s taste.

    D)  dogs can usually detect a fine difference in taste.

    59.  The “fancier brands”(Line 3. Para.5) refers to _________.

    A)  tap water from the Thames River.

    B)  famous wines not sold in ordinary stores.

    C)  PepsiCo’s Aqufina and Coca-Cola’s Dasani.

    D)  expensive bottled water with impressive names.

    60.  Why are some restaurants turning up the pressure to sell bottled water.

    A)  Bottle water brings in huge profits.

    B)  Competition from the wine industry is intense.

    C)  Most diners find bottled water affordable.

    D)  Bottled water satisfies dinners’ desire to be fashionable.

    61.  According to the passage why is bottled water so popular?(题目读到这里就能蒙出第一个题目是个bottled water.)

    A) It is much cheaper than wine.

    B) It is considered healthier.

    C) It appeals to more cultivated people.

    D) It is more widely promoted in the market.

     

    Reaching new peaks of popularity in North America is Iceberg Water, which is harvested from icebergs off the coast of Newfoundland, Canada.

    Arthur von Wiesenberger, who carries the title Water Master, is one of the few water critics in North America. As a boy, he spent time in the larger cities of Italy, France and Switzerland, where bottled water is consumed daily. Even then, he kept a water journal, noting the brands he liked best. “My dog could tell the difference between bottled and tap water.” he says.

    But is plain tap water all that bad?  Not at all.  In fact, New York’s municipal water for more than a century was called the champagne of tap water and until recently considered among the best in the world in terms of both taste and purity. Similarly, a magazine in England found that tap water from the Thames River tasted better than several leading brands of bottled water that were 400 times more expensive.

    As diners thirst for leading brands, bottlers and restaurant salivate over the profits. A restaurant’s typical make-up on wine is 100 to 150 percent, whereas on bottle water it’s often 300 to 500 percent. But since water is much cheaper than wine, and many of the fancier brands aren’t available in stores, more dinners don’t notice or care. 

    Nevertheless, soft-drink companies view bottled water as the next battle-ground for market share-this despite the fact that over 25 percent of bottled water comes from tap water: PesiCo’s Aquafina and Coca-Cola’s Dasani are both purified tap water rather than spring water.

    As a result, some restaurants are turning up to the pressure to sell bottled water. According to an articled in The Wall Street Journal, some of the more shameless tactics include placing attractive bottles on the table for visual sell, listing brands on the menu without prices, and pouring bottled water without even asking the dinners if they want it.

    Regardless of how it’s sold, the popularity of bottled water taps into our desire for better health, our wish to appear cultivated, and even a longing for lost purity.

     

    分析:本篇文章命题思路非常类似于1990年1月的四级考第2篇和第3篇文章,2000年1月第1篇文章(第二次课程作业)。也于2006年6月老题型四级阅读的整体命题思路一致:侧重对原因的考察。全部题目中,最有新意的是第一个题目,同时也是考生最容易蒙的题目!

     

    57. 最有心意的题目,What do we know about提示推断题,Iceburg Water 大写首字母定位,两种方法:一种,可以根据,60. 61的题目中反复出现bottle water 而大胆的判断出这个题目的选项是B,另一种,等到文章全部读完以后再做。依据后文内容同样可以知道,整个文章在讨论的是bottle water很流行的原因。所以,判断出选项是B.题目的新颖之处在于,明显的定位标志之后,找不到明显的定位点,却可以在读完文章之后很容易的判断出答案,不需要定位也能做出的题目,同时也是依据题干就能蒙对的题目。

    58. 语意题目,沈阳新东方早已预测出在今后的考试中,语意题目将是命题主流。本题完全符合我们的例证关系解体技巧。属于论据型题目

    找到第一段中心句,可以判断出:正确选项应该支持,bottle water 在北美非常流行的观点。

    所以,正确选项是B

    59.词汇指代题目,解题方法:是我们课堂上典型的结合上下文分析法。

    But since water is much cheaper than wine, and many of the fancier brands aren’t available in stores, more dinners don’t notice or care. 

    第一种方法:And 前说的水比白酒便宜,阅读顺承性好的同学可以直接判断出,这句话应该还是在说水的问题,这样只剩AC,A是tap water C 是bottle water 很显然此段落是讨论bottle water,直接选择C

    第二种方法:因为水比白酒便宜,并且_______在一些商店卖不到,很多吃晚饭的人不会发现或介意。此处需要分析吃晚饭的人不会介意什么?不会介意的是,A restaurant’s typical make-up on wine is 100 to 150 percent, whereas on bottle water it’s often 300 to 500 percent 白酒的利润是100-150%,而瓶装水的利润是300-500%这个现象。把各个选项代入到上面这个填空题目中,依据逻辑判断,同样可以分析出C.

    60.原因型细节题,用我们课堂上讲的两步定位法非常容易。分析:根据As a result,提示前因后果,故在其前面寻找原因,可以分析出主要原因就是利润巨大,推出正确答案A

    61.原因型细节题,用我们课堂上的两步定位法。

    流行利用了我们的**渴望,**渴望就可以成为原因,所以正确答案应该尽量符合 our desire for better health, our wish to appear cultivated, and even a longing for lost purity.

    A D明显与上述内容不符,排除。

    难点是BC的分析。

    B就是desire for better health的同意替换。

        C是对our wish to appear cultivated的形似干扰,our wish to appear cultivated 我们想表现的有教养的愿望!《鳦选项的含义是,他吸引了更有教养的人,与文中内容不符,属于定位点形似干扰。

      

    点评:第一篇文章难度不大,未有反规律反技巧的现象出现,所有题目的解体方法均在四级强化课程中反复强调过。训练有素的、具有3000左右词汇量的新东方学院应该轻松做对前四个题目,第5个题目对短语的要求比较高,预计部分学员可能选择错误第5个题目。

     

    62. Today medical care is placing more stress on_________.

    A) keeping people in a healthy physical condition

    B) monitoring patients’ body functions

    C) removing people’s bad living habits

    D) ensuring people’s psychological well-being

    63. In the first paragraph, people are reminded that _________.

    A) good health is more than not being ill.

    B) drinking, even if not to excess, could be harmful

    C) regular health checks are essential to keeping fit

    D) prevention is more difficult than cure

    64. Traditionally, a person is considered “well” if he ____________.

    A) does not have any unhealthy living habits

    B) does not have any physical handicaps

    C) is able to handle his daily routines

    D) is free from any kind of disease

    65. According to the author, the true meaning of “wellness” is for people________.

    A) to best satisfy their body’s special needs

    B) to strive to maintain the best possible health

    C) to meet the strictest standards of bodily health

    D) to keep a proper balance between work and leisure

    66. According to what the author advocates, which of the following groups of people would be considered healthy?

    A) People who have strong muscles as well as slim figures.

    B) People who are not presently experiencing any symptoms of disease.

    C) People who try to be as healthy as possible, regardless of their limitations.

    D)People who can recover from illness even without seeking medical care.

     

    As we have seen, the focus of medical care in our society has been shifting from curing disease to preventing disease – especially in terms of changing our many unhealthy behaviors, such as poor eating habits, smoking, and failure to exercise. The line of thought involved in this shift can be pursued further. Imagine a person who is about the right weight, but does not eat very nutritious (有营养的) foods, who feels OK but exercises only occasionally, who goes to work every day, but is not an outstanding worker, who drinks a few beers at home most nights but does not drive while drunk, who has no chest pains or abnormal blood counts, but sleeps a lot and often feels a lot and feels tired. This person is not ill. He may not even be at risk for any particular disease. But we can imagine that this person could be a lot healthier.

    The field of medicine has not traditionally distinguished between someone who is merely “not ill” and someone who is in excellent health and pays attention to the body’s special needs. Both types have simply been called “well.” In recent year, however, some health specialists have begun to apply the terms “well” and “wellness” only to those who are actively striving to maintain and improve their health. People who are well are concerned with nutrition and exercise, and they make a point of monitoring their body’s condition. Most important, perhaps, people who are well take active responsibility for all matters related to their health. Even people who have a physical disease or handicap(缺项) may he “well,” in this new sense, if they make an effort to maintain the best possible health they can in the face of their physical limitations. “Wellness” may perhaps best be viewed not as a state that people can achieve, but as an ideal that people can strive for. People who are well are likely to be better able to resist disease and to fight disease when it strikes. And by focusing attention on healthy ways of living, the concept of wellness can have a beneficial impact on the ways in which people face the challenges of daily life.

    分析:第二篇文章的单词难度不大,出现了一个超过70个单词的句子,这在四级考试中并不多见。本文对含义定位要求很高。而含义定位必须建立在读懂文章的基础上,所以本文对词汇量低于2500的同学杀伤力很大。

    62. Today medical care is placing more stress on_________.简单型细节题目,部分含义定位法定位。

    只有C是定位点的同意替换,正确答案,ABD都是先文后题干扰,先看文章后看题目并且不定位的同学容易错误选择ABD,定位可以迅速排除,不具有干扰性。

    63.有强定位标志In the first paragraph,后面的people are reminded that _________人们被提醒____.people提示只能整个含义定位。

    方法一,仔细读完整个段落内容再分析,可以迅速判断出正确答案。

    方法二,根据我们在课堂上重点讲解的阅读标记和阅读重点,段落最后是一个转折关系,But we can imagine that this person could be a lot healthier.强烈提示题点。依据这句话,同样可以判断出正确答案是A

    64. Traditionally, a person is considered “well” if he ____________

    定位到Both types have simply been called “well.”一句提示between someone who is merely “not ill” and someone who is in excellent health and pays attention to the body’s special needs.这两种类型在传统意义上都是健康的。

    分析答案:D是someone who is merely “not ill”,的同意转换。

    65. According to the author, the true meaning of “wellness” is for people________.

    简单细节题目,含义定位,健康的真实含义_________.

     

    能表达those who are actively striving to maintain and improve their health.(那些积极的追究保持和提高自身健康状态的人们)的含义的选项只有B.

    66. According to what the author advocates, which of the following groups of people would be considered healthy? 下述那种人是健康的?逐个选项定位。

    A 文中没有提到。(定位不到具体的位置)

    B属于传统的对健康的定义,不正确。

    C定位于,Even people who have a physical disease or handicap(缺项) may he “well,” in this new sense, if they make an effort to maintain the best possible health they can in the face of their physical limitations.同意转述,正确答案。

    D与D相关的内容定位于People who are well are likely to be better able to resist disease and to fight disease when it strikes,能够更好的抵抗疾病已经在疾病来临时战胜疾病的人,与D恢复疾病是不需要进行医学治疗,并不一致。

    点评:本文难度中等,同样不存在违反规律的题目,前四个题目定位比较简单,第五个题目因为需要逐个选项定位,比较浪费时间,但难度不大。训练有素的新东方学员应该可以作对四个题目。大多数参加考试的同学由于在前面选词填空浪费了大量的时间,导致不能充分阅读后面的文章,这是一种策略上的失误。应该先做传统阅读,因为其比重是20%, 而选词填空仅占5%。

    总结:

    综合两篇文章来看:

    1.     题目类型方面:细节题7个推断题1个语意题 2个推断,结合2006年6月新题型6个细节题,3个语意题,1个推断题。如果把两次考试结合在一起当作一套传统阅读题目来分析,细节题占65%,推断题占15%,语意题目占20%。而2001-2005传统阅读提醒平均情况是:细节题76%,推断题10.5%,语意题7.5%,观点态度题4%,主旨题2%。所以,我们预测:第一,今后考试将增加语意题的比重,特别是句意题。第二,2007年6月的四级考试很有可能考查观点态度题和主旨题。

    2.     考查重点上方面:从2005年12月到2006年6月起,四级考试阅读题目有逐渐六级化倾向:把考试的重心从考查定位逐步转移到考查长难句子上。而本次命题,考查重点重新回归到对定位的考查上,这和1990年1月到2005年6月的命题思路保持一致,并且一贯保持了四级阅读对原因的考查侧重逻辑思维的特点。因此,我们预测,今后的考试还将以考查定位为重点。

    3.     训练有素的新东方学院能保持80%以上的正确率。(接下页)

    [1] [2] [3] 下一页

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